Check out the events in 10 weeks pregnant mother’s life. Learn all about the changing situation like signs and symptoms, sensations and feeling and much more.
The gestation period of 10 weeks is also 12 obstetric weeks. It is noteworthy that it is at this time that most women make ultrasound and (or) undergo so-called screening. The baby is already grown enough for an ultrasound. So, now the doctor, at an ultrasound, can properly examine it and give the prediction about its health.
Signs and Symptoms in 10 Weeks Pregnant Woman
Uterus gradually grows and has become wider by about 10 cm. Its height is about 12 cm. The fetus is located above the pubic bone. So, it is very easy for a doctor to do her ultrasound without a full bladder.
The tummy is rounded, mothers start putting things on made for pregnant women. Do not pull the stomach in any case. The gain in weight is about 2-3 kilograms.
You need to keep track of your weight. Too large and rapid increase will make a bearing of pregnancy physically more severe. This can certainly be the reason for hospitalization in the hospital.
Since the volume of circulating blood in the body of the mother increased, the pulse became more frequent. Already the heartbeat is not the usual 60-70 beats a minute, but 80-90. It is interesting that the arterial pressure usually remains low.
The kid grew older and moves very actively. Seeing this on the screen during an ultrasound examination, many mothers seem to start to feel it. However, it still too early for the first movements as the fruit is too little now.
Sensations and Feelings of 10 Weeks Pregnant Mother
With the relatively new, you can specify only the hypertension of the uterus. Usually, it manifests itself in the form of a feeling of heaviness in the lower segment of the abdomen.
It often occurs during walks, especially long walks. To avoid it, doctors advise resting more often, preferably with raised legs. It is also advisable to stop wearing a wedge and heels. This is because they create such a position of the mother’s body, in which the uterus strains more often. Trying to support the uterus using a bandage is still too early.
At the end of the first trimester and right up to the middle of pregnancy, the headaches may worsen. Often they are caused by osteochondrosis. If possible, it is advisable to not sit for long in an uncomfortable position, like at the computer.
Fetal Development in 10 Weeks Pregnant Mother
Now the growth of the fetus on average is 6-6.5 cm and it weighs about 10 grams. The baby’s heart cheerfully works with a frequency of about 150 beats per minute. The heart rate can increase when it is awake and is moving actively. A decline in heart rate is when it is asleep.
By the way, you can notice on ultrasound exactly what happens to the fetus in the ten weeks pregnant mother. You will see as the chest of it periodically rises and falls. It is the new ability of the baby, but, of course, it is not yet breathing. It recently learned to screw up its eyes, move its fingers and open its mouth.
The fetus actively moves in the uterus, but its movements are not yet coordinated, it’s chaotic, and it does not control them.
There is a start in the development of immunity. It begins with the developed lymphocytes. The pituitary produces growth hormones that affect reproductive function and metabolism. White blood cells appear and are also known as leucocytes.
The liver produces bile which is necessary for digestion. The intestine now is already capable of pushing food through itself. By the way, the fetus already knows how to digest glucose at this stage in pregnancy.
The limb of the baby, its skeleton is still only from the cartilaginous tissue. However, the process of bone formation has already begun. On the body appears hairs and nails start to grow.
Amniotic fluid is updated daily and its approximate volume at this time is about 50 grams.
Yellow body, which previously produced progesterone, has already disappeared or will disappear very soon. And the development of this hormone that is the placenta will take place.
Ultrasound and Screening in the First Trimester
The purpose of screening is to identify future mothers who have a higher risk of having children with severe developmental defects and chromosomal abnormalities. However, this is only a screening and not a diagnosis. If by results of blood analysis and ultrasound, you have found out that you are a high risk. Then too it only means that there is a very high risk of some trouble with your fetus.
It is not definite yet as there are still extra tests which need to be performed to be sure. It can be a biopsy of placenta or analysis of amniotic fluid. The procedure for taking the material in rare cases has a side effect like a miscarriage. Therefore, they only perform it for those women who have a real risk of having a sick child.
Not so long ago there was a non-invasive prenatal test that allows you to determine the most common chromosomal pathologies. It was with the highest accuracy to determine problems like Down syndrome, Patau, Edwards and so on. The woman would simply shed some blood from a vein. It would find the fetal DNA which would then be examined. There was no risk of miscarriage, the only downside is the high cost of analysis. It cost about $ 600 USD.
However, the standard screening of the first trimester is fully paid for by the state. It includes an ultrasound and a blood test for PAPP-A and hCG. It is taken from the vein. Always on an empty stomach, so before taking blood, you cannot eat for 4-6 hours.
The timing of the screening is very important. The ultrasound should be done at the 11-13.6 period of obstetric weeks (9-11.6 embryonic). While the CTE of the fetus should not be less than 45 mm, otherwise the nasal bone will be difficult to consider. Also, the results processing program is calculated for CTE more than 45 mm. A blood test can be taken in one day with an ultrasound or in another. The main thing is to meet the deadline.
Before the screening, the doctor fills in the questionnaire of the future mother. Data that are taken into account when calculating the risks of genetic pathology are as follows.
- number of pregnancies and their outcome;
- height and weight;
- arterial hypertension;
- systemic lupus erythematosus;
- antiphospholipid syndrome (AFP);
- pre-eclampsia in history;
- method of conception (natural or IVF).
The older a woman, the higher her risk of giving birth to an inferior child is.
Often it happens that ultrasound is normal, but the blood tests are not all right. Because of this, the program can calculate the high risk of having a sick child. However, as the statistics show, if the ultrasound is perfect, the child is usually healthy.
There can be many other reasons for deviations in blood tests. For example, decreased PAPP-A often occurs in woman who develops the fetoplacental insufficiency or gestosis sooner than usual. Doctors should pay attention to this and closely monitor these patients. So, for now there are no chromosomal abnormalities and malformations in children.
However, at a high risk of this or that disease, the gynecologist sends the mother to a consultation for genetics. So, the further variants are possible.
If there are deviations only by blood, and a woman is young, less than 30-35 years old. Then she is advised to have a non-invasive test or a follow-up ultrasound at the age of 16-17 obstetric weeks.
However, if the ultrasound is not all right along with unusual blood analysis and even the patient is older. Then it is required to either pass a non-invasive test or an invasive test like placenta biopsy or amniocentesis.
Having learned exactly the characteristic of a child, it is already possible to decide whether to prolong or terminate.
Ultrasound Process for 10 Weeks Pregnant Mother
The uterus is already sufficiently enlarged for the test. Therefore, the expectant mother will not be asked to drink water before the test to fill the bladder.
Through the mummy’s tummy, everything that is happening in the uterus is already visible.
Women need to come to an ultrasound with an empty bladder. If you do not urinate before ultrasound, the doctor will ask you to do it.
Prepare that you have to lie on the couch for 20 minutes. There are so many parameters to measure and consider.
Here are just a small part of the things that needs to be considered during ultrasound.
- coccygeal parietal fetal size;
- abdominal circumference;
- length of limb bones;
- heart rate (Heart beats per minute);
- yolk sac and its mean internal diameter (SVD);
- localization of the chorion (placenta), on which wall of the uterus is located;
- thickness of the collar space (TVP);
- structure of the chorion or placenta (changed or not);
- is there a nasal bone;
- the child’s organs: brain structures, lungs, kidneys, heart, stomach, etc.
- number of vessels in the umbilical cord;
- whether the limbs of the child are symmetrical;
- whether or not there is a reverse blood flow.
Thus, in children with Down Syndrome greatly increased TBC and nasal bone is not visualized.
On this ultrasound, you can fairly and accurately determine the duration of pregnancy. Very often it does not coincide with either embryonic or obstetric week. Already at the end of the first trimester, some babies develop a little faster, and some a little slower.
During ultrasound, the doctor may ask you to lie down on one side then the other and cough. Do not worry, the child does not have a problem. The doctor just cannot measure the TB from one position.
It is necessary that the child is in a certain position for the reliability of the data obtained. Sometimes women are even asked to go “walk” for 30-60 minutes, so that the baby changes its pose.
You do not have to worry regarding the duration of the study. First, there is no evidence of its harmfulness. Secondly, most of the time the doctor does not even holds the sensor on the belly of the future mother. Instead it looks at the monitor screen and conducts measurements.
In addition to abdominal ultrasound and vaginal it is necessary to measure the length of the cervix. At this time, it is an average of 35 mm and should slowly grow. If it, on the contrary, is shortened, it is a serious threat of termination of pregnancy. The doctor here would advise the course of treatment accordingly.
TVP and Nasal Bone in 10 Weeks Pregnant Fetus
These two indicators we identified because they cause most of the issues of pregnant women.
TVP is the thickness of the collar space (yes, it is from the word collar, we hope you understand where it is). Its volume is looked at exactly the specified time. Gradually it will decrease if it does not transform to a neck edema or cystic hygroma. Sometimes it would be together with edema of the entire fetus. However, this is normal, of course, it did not happen.
The doctor identifies this serious developmental defect between 11-13 weeks. Then the woman has the opportunity to terminate the pregnancy on such a relatively short period.
However, the increase in the thickness of the collar space does not always indicate pathology. Simply, the more the
TVP deviates from the norm, the higher the risk. On average, the size is up to 2.5 mm.
So, with TVP 3.5-4.5 mm, and this is a significant increase, 70% of children are healthy. With TVP more than 6.5 mm, the 15% of children are healthy. Sometimes errors in assessing the thickness of the collar space are due to the cord around the neck or neck extension.
Nose bones or nasal bone are formed in 8 embryonic weeks. Therefore, they prefer to look no earlier than at 10 weeks of conception, and preferably in 11 weeks pregnant mother.
On average, the length of the nasal bone at this time is 2 mm. It’s bad if the child’s spout is not visualized at all. This in 50-70% of cases speaks of chromosomal pathology like Down’s syndrome, Edwards, Turner or Patau. At the same time, the risk of any syndrome is higher in this case in women of the European population. While in African American the women are more often a variant of the norm.
Markers of Different Chromosomal Abnormalities
It is better to learn about some marker of different chromosomal abnormalities for 10 week pregnant mother. This is not compulsory or needed for that matter but is there so mothers could understand what doctors are doing. Here is the information about some abnormalities that doctors will look for in screening of first trimester.
- Down Syndrome (trisomy 21)
The markers for chromosomal abnormalities of Down syndrome are as follows.
- increase in the collar zone;
- lack of visualization of the nasal bone in the first trimester and shortening it in the period of 15-21 weeks (and indeed, people with Down’s Syndrome have a very small nose);
- shortening of the upper jaw, which gives the impression of a smoothed face;
- reverse flow in the venous duct.
- Edwards’ Syndrome (trisomy 18)
The markers for chromosomal abnormalities of Edward’s syndrome are as follows.
- delay in fetal development;
- a decrease in heart rate (bradycardia);
- omphalocele (hernia the abdominal cavity with the loss of internal organs);
- lack of visualization of nasal bones;
- one artery in umbilical cord, but in the norm there should be two.
- Syndrome Patau (trisomy 13)
The markers for chromosomal abnormalities of Syndrome Patau are as follows.
- persistent increase in heart rate (tachycardia);
- slowing the growth of the child;
- megacystis (bladder enlargement);
- holoprozenzepalya (severe structural defect brain);
The last two congenital defects are usually found together in 11-13 weeks of pregnancy on ultrasound.
The markers for chromosomal abnormalities of Triploidy are as follows.
- bradycardia (less than 110-120 cuts per minute);
- abaissement of the abdominal cavity;
- vascular plexus cysts;
- pyeloectasia (dilatation of the kidneys).
Brief Assessment of Biochemical Screening
The norms of PAPP-A and HCG are calculated in IOM units from 0.5 to 2. Also, doctors pay attention to the difference in PAPP-A and hCG values from each other by more than one.
For example, if beta PAPP-A is 1.5, and hCG 1.7 is the norm. However, if it is 0.6 and 1.8, then it is low. Low PAPP-A is often an early sign of rapid development gestosis. This means late toxicosis of pregnancy or fetoplacental insufficiency.
Abnormalities above or below these standards may indicate chromosomal abnormalities. For example, too high hCG is one of the signs of Down’s syndrome. As for PAPP-A, it can be normal or low.
To obtain reliable data, it is necessary to take a blood test from 11 to 13 weeks and 6 days. This is when obstetric pregnancy is indicated. As for embryonic it is 9 to 11.6 weeks.
Drawing some conclusions, based solely on the results of biochemical screening, is not true or ideal.
Advice to Prospective 10 Weeks Pregnant Mothers
As this important event, like screening, takes place this week, you can only wish for peace. The results will be ready in a few days. However, while you are in ignorance, do not wind yourself. If there are no abnormalities on the ultrasound, there is a very high probability that everything is fine.
Sometimes you have a feeling of hypertension of the uterus in the tenth week of pregnancy. Don’t worry now the doctor can prescribe you a magnesium preparation. For example, “Magne B6” or “Magnelis” in a dosage of 2-3 tablets a day, and sometimes more. Note that these drugs sometimes provoke constipation. To prevent this include more vegetables in your diet and do not forget to drink water as you like.
Frequent toner torments many future mothers, but it hasn’t caused miscarriage yet. It is important that in the presence of frequent tones of the uterus to periodically check the length of neck. If it does not shorten, the inner yawn is closed so you do not have to worry.
Just follow the advice that your specialist has offered you and you will be fine. Do not listen to anyone and don’t do anything before consulting your doctor.