Find out about the causes, symptoms and home remedies of colic in infants descriptively. Also, learn about the ways to soothe the crying and in pain baby along with various medicines to treat this syndrome as easily as possible.
Colic in newborns is common. The digestive system of the baby is only being formed. So, even digestion of breast milk is accompanied by accumulation of gases in the intestine. These gases are not dangerous but cause the child some suffering.
Parents should try to save the child from pain because its absence is the baby’s healthy sleep and appetite. Colic in newborn and it’s treatment at home is amenable if you show perseverance and patience for it.
This would include physiotherapy methods, the use of medicinal herbs and a doctor’s advice to do it safely.
Understanding Colic in Infants
Intestinal colic in newborns is due to the fact that the child’s body begins to get used to various new processes of itself, such as swallowing food or breast sucking.
Usually, by the end of the third and the beginning of the fourth month of the baby’s life, this problem goes by itself.
Often adults can incorrectly diagnose colic in a baby because this syndrome is very similar to the symptoms of appendicitis, pyelonephritis and many other diseases of the abdominal cavity.
It is very important to consult a doctor so as not to miss a more complicated disease.
About 80% of young parents meet with such a phenomenon as colic and constipation in newborns. So, there is no need to be worried as the baby will get through this.
Causes of Colic in Infants
There are many reasons why there is colic in infants. There is a possibility that the birth of a child influences the appearance of colic.
Basically, colic is found in boys, in children born in the summer months, and in those whose mother smoked during pregnancy.
They also arise due to malnutrition and the psycho-emotional state of the mother and the whole family. Even today, all causes of colic in newborns have not been identified, but the main ones can be identified and are as follows.
- The inferiority of the processes of nervous regulation and the enzymatic system of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract.
- Prematurity of the child.
- Violations due to malnutrition of the mother.
- Allergic reaction.
- Poor perception of lactose, which is found in breast milk or in mixtures.
- Changing the nutrition of the child or introducing new foods.
- Improperly prepared baby food.
- Overfeeding of the child.
- Appearance of dietary supplements in the diet.
- A large amount of carbohydrates in the diet.
- Ingestion of air during breast sucking.
- Weak muscles of the anterior wall of the abdominal cavity.
Colic can manifest as a result of bowel disease, which is why you should show your child to a doctor and find out their cause. Constipation in a child can also cause accumulation of gases and bloat, which is why colic is manifested in newborns.
The period of the first three months of a baby’s life is very important, when such processes as the formation of enzymes in the stomach, shrinking intestinal walls and digesting food occur for the first time.
In the first month of life, the child depends on the hormones of its mother and then learns to digest the food themselves. This is especially difficult when the baby goes on artificial feeding or one mix is replaced by another.
It is also necessary to apply the baby correctly at the breast during feeding. This is because in the wrong position the baby captures a lot of excess air, which also causes colic.
It is also necessary to ensure that the bottle is correctly tilted during artificial feeding. The nipple needs to be pierced so that there is a small hole and air does not get into it.
Many children cannot tolerate cow’s milk, which the mother uses, as well as various smoked foods and sweets.
Signs and Symptoms of Colic in Infant
There are several signs of the appearance of colic in infants as shown below.
- In the first half of the child’s life and with the appearance of colic, the child will cry violently, rumbling will be heard in the abdomen.
- The baby does not have a stool change.
- The child’s body weight remains normal.
If your child has this pattern, it means that it has colic. Without the help of a doctor, it is very difficult to determine any diseases in a baby.
Colic in newborns is due to spasms that occur with the accumulation of gases. The child at this time screams in pain. It can cry for hours.
Pain usually occurs in the evening. The child will be nervous, jerk legs, pressing them to the stomach. The legs become cold at the same time. In general, colic manifests after the child eats.
The baby has a swollen tummy, and it can sometimes regurgitate. After the child leaves the gas, it becomes easier for a while, but then everything returns. All this has no effect on the child’s appetite.
For each mother, it is important to be able to recognize colic in infants during the first month of life. In this case, they continue for thirty minutes a day, several times a week. Over time, they become more frequent.
With colic, there can be no coughing, vomiting, high body temperature, and various rashes. If these signs appear, you should immediately go to the doctor to find out the cause of their occurrence.
Mothers Against Colic in Infants
In addition to the funds, which will be discussed later, there are rules that help to survive the period of adaptation of the digestion of the baby with the least problems for them. Mothers are a great part of this process.
How to deal with advancing colic and how a mother can help is as follows.
- Make every effort to ensure that the newborn is provided with sufficient milk.
- Use the correct technique of feeding, so that the child does not swallow the air, which then gets into the intestines. To do this, the mother presses baby to her, holding her sideways so that the baby’s head is above the breast level.
If feeding with an artificial structure then it’s worth investing in a special pacifier that will not allow you to get air along with the mixture during the feeding process, into the stomach.
- Before eating, the baby should be turned over to the tummy on a hard surface and let it lie down for 5-7 minutes.
And after feeding the newborn is held upright, putting its head on the mother’s shoulder and stroking or lightly patting the back.
If it still swallowed the excess air, this position will allow the bubbles to come out with a belch.
How to deal with colic, using these tips, has been known for more than one century. The same is recommended for young mothers and pediatricians.
Diet for Baby Dealing With Colic
It would seem that the diet for proper nutrition in newborns is same because for them the main food is breast milk. However, the fact is that the diet of the mother affects its composition directly.
So, when she eats food that provokes gas formation, the same components fall into the baby’s body. This causes an increase in colic and prolongs the torment of both. To protect the baby from additional causes of cramps in the tummy, the mother will have to set aside her own taste preferences.
At the time of breastfeeding, she needs a diet that will be useful primarily to the newborn health and these include the following.
- Soups with weak meat or lean broth.
- Porridges on the water (boiled buckwheat, oatmeal, rice).
- Stewed vegetables (carrots, zucchini, beets, onions).
- Post boiled meat and fish, seafood.
- Raw vegetables and fruits without skin, fresh juices.
- Stale white bread.
- Fermented milk products, cottage cheese.
- Boiled potatoes.
- Omelets for a couple.
The diet should expand gradually, as the child grows up. By its 6th month, Mom can eat all the mentioned products, and before the end of 8 weeks only the first half of the listed.
It is necessary to strive to breastfeed for up to a year. However, 6-month-old children are already given a different food.”
Intestinal colic does not threaten the baby if you feed them the following food as well.
- Oatmeal porridge.
- Cottage cheese.
- Lean meat and fish.
- Low-fat soups with sour cream.
- Vegetable stew.
- Compotes, fruit.
Products that cause colic should be excluded from the mother’s menu. Some of the products are as follows.
- Rye bread.
- Carbonated drinks.
- Fatty sauces.
- Fried meat, fish.
- Oil-stewed vegetables.
- Peas, beans, peanuts, soybeans.
- Cabbage and tomatoes.
- Grapes and apples.
- Fast food and semi-finished products.
Home Physiotherapy for Colic in Infants
These methods are known to effectively treat colic in infants. What to do and how, you can ask your own parents because home physiotherapy was used by more than one generation.
It not only contributes to the escape of gases but strengthens the muscles of the baby’s belly, provides intestinal motility and better digestion of food.
- Massage of the front surface of the abdomen
It is primarily about the massage of the infant’s tummy. It is carried out not only when the newborn is disturbed by intestinal colic, but also for their prevention. The food moves more actively, the air bubbles leave without difficulties, without creating spasms.
Massage of the stomach can be done up to 6 times a day, waiting for half an hour or 40 minutes after feeding. The baby should be fully undressed, so the room needs a comfortable temperature.
The tummy needs to be warmed up, for what to it the salt preheater or simply warm diaper is applied. The toddler is placed on a not too soft, stable surface, covered with a disposable diaper.
This is since after the procedure there may be surprises from its activated bowel. Exposure must be gentle and cautious. Massage of the abdomen is done with warm hands, so it is more pleasant to the newborn and more effective.
The cream should not be used as it can make the pressure excessively strong. You can slightly lubricate the hands and tummy of the child with sterilized vegetable oil or treat it with talc. Before the procedure of the newborn, several minutes are held in a column.
Massage of the abdomen consists of the following elements.
- Soft stroking according to the scheme from the top-right-down-left-up, so several times. Use the palm of your hand or just your fingers. Pressing slightly strengthens on the sides and at the ribs.
- Reception “mill”. It is carried out by both palms, located across the stomach. They take turns to smooth the surface from the lower part of the ribs to the lone articulation, making movements back and forth.
- Spiral strokes near the navel. Two fingers, as it were, draw flower petals on the child’s skin.
- Stroking, starting from the navel and descending down to the left thigh. They are also made in a spiral, keeping the indicated direction.
All the methods are done 7-10 times.
- Exercises from colic
This is the best remedy for gas leakage and ease of defecation. Exercises provide the correct pressure on the abdominal wall and help clean the intestines.
They are used with the already begun attack of colic:
- “A bike”. The newborn is taken with both hands by the feet and alternately, bending the legs in the knees, presses their stomach. Simultaneously, it is slightly rolled from side to side.
- The child is put on its belly on the inflatable ball, supporting and slightly rolling it. Light pressure will ensure correct intestinal motility.
- The baby is turned face down, placing a rolled up warm towel under the belly. The legs are bred in the sides while pulling them to the stomach. These exercises will provide a position on all fours, in which gases are easier to escape.
Home Remedies for Colic in Infants
As mentioned above there are several home remedies that can help with colic for infants. Some of the best ones are as mentioned below.
- Salt Warmer
This device is a tightly closed container with a solution of salt, safe for the health of the newborn. A special device, when pressing or changing the position, starts the process of heating the contents.
It is initially in a liquid form, it hardens, taking the configuration of the surface of the object on which it is located. Due to this property, the salt pad does not cause discomfort to the baby, so physiologically settles on his stomach.
The heat coming from it does not rise above 54 degrees, but to use the device it is wrapped in a dense cotton cloth. Salt warmer promotes the escape of gases in colic, eliminates spasm.
Uniform heat helps the baby to calm the pain and fall asleep. Very small, that is, up to a month old, it is worth using it at a distance of 5 cm. The salt-water bottle warms for 4 hours, after which it is boiled to return the original state.
- Dill Againt Colic
Dill is known as an anti-inflammatory, antibacterial agent that has sedative properties. The plant contains essential oil, which increases lactation in nursing, so it is also useful for mothers to sometimes drink it.
Dill water for babies from colic is considered the first medicine for a long time. It promotes an increase in immunity, which is very important in the developing intestinal microflora.
The preparation is prepared from the seeds of the plant. 1 tsp raw materials are rubbed, add 200 ml of boiling water, left in a water bath for 20 minutes.
After removing from the fire, keep under the lid for three-quarters of an hour, filter through a triple layer of gauze. Dill water is given to the baby before eating on a teaspoon 3 times a day. After 15 minutes, the spasm stops, which will become noticeable by the reaction of the child.
Many mothers with experience are sure that this is the best remedy. If the baby does not like the taste, you can mix it into breast milk or a mixture, other food.
- Intestinal Colic and Fennel
The remedy for painful spasms of the baby can be prepared from the fennel. Its effect is similar, but the effect lasts much longer. There are 2 ways to prepare a composition for colic in infants in which fennel is involved:
- 1 tsp fruits, bought in a pharmacy, pour a glass of boiling water. The liquid should be infused for half an hour. After filtering it is cooled and a teaspoonful 3 times a day is given to the baby before eating.
- The essential oil of fennel in an amount of 0.05 g is diluted with a liter of boiled water. Dosage and method of use are the same as in the previous recipe.
Fennel will reduce pain and gas and help absorb food.
The plant is known for its anti-inflammatory effect against mucous membranes and also soothes and enhances immunity.
Chamomile is used more often for bathing a newborn, but even better relieves intestinal colic.
The broth is made from 2 tbsp. raw materials and 300 ml of water, boil for 5 minutes, allow to cool and filter.
The resulting liquid is added with boiled water to the original volume.
A baby daisy is useful for 1 tsp. 3 times a day with bloating.
- Activated carbon
This remedy is known as an absorbent, so it is effective in bloating and overeating.
Activated carbon also relieves toxins, but with too zealous use it can promote the excretion of useful substances from the organic.
Therefore, it is important to know exactly how to help a newborn with colic, using the drug. Of great importance is the weight of the baby. If it is less than 3 kg, one-fourth of the tablet will be enough for a single dose.
The activated carbon is ground to a powder, mixed with 1 tsp. water and give the baby. Then it is necessary that he swallows as much pure liquid as possible.
A day is enough for a 3-time reception. Children with a weight of 3 to 5 kg can give a third of the pill.
Before using any of the remedies especially this one it is necessary to consult with your doctor first.
- Teas with colic
Tea from colic for newborns can be prepared independently, using different combinations of medicinal herbs as mentioned below.
- Anise seed.
- Valerian root.
Taken in equal parts, the ground ingredients are mixed and for a drink take 1 tbsp per 200 ml of boiling water. Brew for 15 minutes, filter, cool and give the baby a teaspoon three times a day before eating. This tea can be drunk by the nursing mother as well.
All these teas contain additional ingredients that make their taste pleasant for the baby.
Colic in newborns are familiar to all parents and have easily distinguishable symptoms. How to deal with them is known for a long time and most of the methods are tested. And yet treatment should be coordinated with the pediatrician since many components of the healing formulations have the property of causing allergies in children. The combination of methods will give the result faster. So, take care of your baby properly, be patient and treat colic easily.