Check out various ways to reduce swollen feet during pregnancy naturally. Learn about the different stages of edema, its types, preventions plan, treatment and the causes of it.
During the gestation period, the mother’s body undergoes significant changes, which are often accompanied by unpleasant symptoms, for example, swelling on the legs during pregnancy. A few women can avoid them.
The probability of encountering this problem is very high. Therefore it is important to know what causes this complication, whether it can be avoided and how to remove swelling of the legs during pregnancy.
Types and Stages of Edema
Edema is an excessive accumulation of fluid in the body. Since the causes that cause them are many, the edemas themselves also differ from each other.
They can be classified into the following types
- Hydramic, the cause in the pathology of the kidneys.
- Cachet, cause of heart and vascular disease.
- Stagnant, arise due to pressure in the capillaries.
- Mechanical, develops during pregnancy, as a result of trauma.
- Neuropathic due to diseases, for example, diabetes mellitus.
- Allergic, provoked by allergens and after adequate therapy quickly pass.
Edema in a person, including a woman during pregnancy, can be of varying severity as shown below.
- I – only the lower legs swell.
- II – the lower leg, foot and lower abdomen swell.
- III – legs, hands, face swell.
- IV – swells the whole body or generalized edema.
Causes of Swollen Feet During Pregnancy
Why do legs swell during pregnancy?
Such a condition does not always signal the development of pathology.
Most often, the swelling of the legs during pregnancy is physiological in nature and is caused by the accumulation in the body of a future sodium mom, which attracts water.
The reason can be an abuse of salt or fried foods, hot season. Such swelling is not harmful to a woman’s health, they are easily eliminated. Often enough to reduce salt intake, drink a diuretic tea.
Swelling of the legs during pregnancy have other causes. They occur at the end of the period due to the increase in the fetus and the pressure of the uterus on the blood vessels. This causes stagnation of venous blood.
Such edema usually only spread to the ankle joints and does not pose a threat to the health of the woman and the baby.
The problem is aggravated if the future mother leads a sedentary lifestyle. In this case, varicose veins may develop.
Edema during pregnancy on the legs, for this reason, pass independently after the appearance of the baby in the light.
Swelling of the feet during pregnancy can be a consequence of pathologies in the work of organs.
Chronic, existing before the conception, or the diseases of the heart, vessels, and kidneys that arise when the child is born, can provoke their development.
The particular danger is the swelling of the legs during pregnancy at a late period, due to gestosis (another name – late toxicosis of pregnant women). This condition is a threat to the health and life of both the future mother and baby.
Edema due to gestosis from the feet often spread to the hands, lower back, face and are accompanied by high blood pressure. This condition requires an immediate hospitalization of a pregnant woman.
Symptoms of Swollen Feet During Pregnancy
The most common finding during pregnancy is swelling of the legs of a woman who can do it herself.
The first and most noticeable sign of the development of this condition is the difficulty of fastening the shoes at the end of the day.
If you press your finger on the skin in the ankle, then there will be a dent, which will not take place immediately.
Edema in pregnant women on their feet manifests itself in an increase in the volume of the ankle by more than 1 cm per week.
Edema of the legs in pregnant women can be recognized by the condition of the skin on them. First, the skin becomes loose and then tightened.
Sometimes swelling of the legs during pregnancy can be hidden. They can be detected if the weight gain is systematically controlled.
With an increase in the weighted index for the week by more than 400 g, or with uneven changes that are spasmodic, one can speak of the occurrence of edema.
To detect hidden swelling, it is advisable to track the amount of fluid released. To do this, you need to measure how much it has been ingested and how many are taken out within a day.
When carrying out calculations, one should take into account not only water and beverages but also soups, liquid dishes, and fruits. One fruit can be equated to 50 ml of water.
If the urine displays less than 75% of the fluid received, then there is a high probability of concealed edema.
Edema: Dangerous or Not
Are edemas dangerous? The correct statement is that the main danger is not the swelling, but the disease, the manifestation of which they are.
Internal swelling is dangerous because the muscle tissues of the internal organs that have accumulated fluid can compress the vessels of the umbilical cord and cause hypoxia of the fetus.
If the legs become very swollen during pregnancy in the first trimester, it is necessary to examine the heart, liver, and kidneys for pathologies.
This condition, which occurred in the second half, accompanied by increased blood pressure, may indicate the development of gestosis.
It consists in the fact that against the background of hormonal changes, microscopic holes are formed first in the capillaries and later in large vessels, through which the outflow of fluid to the tissues takes place, in connection with which the blood condenses.
If you do not conduct adequate treatment, your mother and baby may die. Therefore, it is extremely important to timely diagnose the development of pathology, one of the first signs of which are edema.
Various Ways to Reduce Swollen Feet During Pregnancy
Let’s consider the basic methods of struggle against edemas.
- Traditional Ways to Reduce Swollen Feet During Pregnancy
What to do if there are swelling of the legs during pregnancy? Therapy depends on what caused this condition.
If they are due to simple causes (abuse of salty foods, heat, etc.), then the treatment of leg edema during pregnancy reduces to diet compliance and control of the amount of fluid consumed by a woman per day.
The principle of the diet in this period is to exclude from the diet of smoked products, fried and salty dishes. Especially dangerous in this state is salt, which has the ability to hold water in the body.
Therefore, it is recommended a little food but more times. After consulting with the treating gynecologist, you can sit for a short time on a salt-free diet and drink diuretics.
If edema is caused by more serious causes, such treatment methods are not appropriate. It is urgent to establish and treat the cause that caused them.
For example, if the cause of leg edema during pregnancy is gestosis, then you cannot limit drinking or be taking diuretics since the body of a future mother already suffers from dehydration.
In this case, drug therapy will be required in conjunction with compliance with diet and doctor’s recommendations.
When gestosis pregnant woman is recommended special nutrition. Food should be rich in protein since its deficiency contributes to increased permeability of the walls of the vessels.
The diet of the future mother should contain the necessary amount of carbohydrates and fats because, with their lack, more protein is needed.
Liquids need to consume at least one and a half liters. Salted, fatty, fried, smoked food and carbonated sweet drinks are excluded.
- Home Remedies to Reduce Swollen Feet During Pregnancy
Home remedies for swelling of the legs are in the application of herbal teas, broths of cranberries, pumpkins or dried apricots.
However, it must be remembered that behind the swelling can be hidden serious pathologies.
The development of this every day is aggravated and can threaten the health of women and the fetus.
Therefore, in no case should not engage in self-treatment, to replace the traditional therapy of the people.
Sometimes such tinctures and teas can be harmful, for example, with gestosis.
So, before starting treatment with home remedies, it is necessary to consult a doctor.
Precautionary Measures to Reduce Swollen Feet During Pregnancy
The principles of prevention of leg edema during pregnancy include:
- A balanced diet, a restriction in the diet of salt and spices.
- Compliance with the regime of work and leisure. During the day you can not stay long in one position, especially to sit or stand.
- Wearing comfortable shoes. Heel, especially in the second half of pregnancy, should be low.
- Regular morning exercises. Exercise should be agreed with the doctor.
- Consumption of a sufficient amount of liquid. A woman should drink as much as she needs. Otherwise, the body can begin to “store” water for future use, resulting in edema.
- Wearing loose clothing that provides normal circulation.
Swelling of the legs is a frequent companion to pregnancy. Regardless of the degree of their severity, they should be reported to the treating doctor who will prescribe adequate treatment. Do not engage in self-medication, because sometimes swelling indicates a serious change in the body of a woman that threatens her health and the child.